Unlike handguns, rifles wound through permanent cavitation and temporary cavitation. The temporary cavity is known also as a stretch cavity because it expands or stretches the initial, permanent cavitation, causing more damage. Even if a rifle shot doesn’t directly hit an organ, the temporary cavitation can still damage or destroy any nearby.
The reason for the rifle’s extra wounding capacity is the speed at which each round is fired. Because rifles fire at speed of up to and above twice the speed of sound, temporary cavitation can occur. This capability makes the rifle especially useful for hunting as well as home defense, in which the shooter may be under extreme stress and unable to aim as accurately as normal.